Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, was elected the 265th successor of St. Peter, and the 266th Pope on March 13, 2013. He was elected at the Conclave of the Cardinal Electors which was called to choose a successor to Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger), who had resigned for reasons of health on February 28th.
His election occurred on the second day of voting, on the fifth ballot of the Conclave. Upon election he chose to be called “Francis,” after the little poor man of Assisi, as he would explain, “brought to Christianity an idea of poverty against the luxury, pride, vanity of the civil and ecclesiastical powers of the time.”
Although of Italian ancestry (his father and maternal grandparents were immigrants to Argentina), he is the first pope from the Americas, the first member of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), the first to take the name Francis, and the first pope since 913 (Pope Lando) to take a name not previously used by a Successor of St. Peter.
He should be styled Pope Francis, and not Pope Francis I.