The Cardinal Electors are those Cardinals who are under the age of 80 on the day on which the Pope dies. All such Cardinals, even if their selection as Cardinal has only been announced, are obliged to participate in the Conclave as Electors. The exceptions are those who are legitimately prevented by illness or other circumstances, those who have been canonically deposed by the Pope, or from whom the Pope has accepted the renunciation of the cardinalate.
In the Conclave of April 2005, 115 Cardinals voted. Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger was elected Supreme Pontiff on the 4th ballot.
In the Conclave of March 2013, 115 Cardinals voted. Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglio was elected Supreme Pontiff on the 5th ballot.
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