The Message of Blessed William Chaminade
THE MESSAGE OF BLESSED WILLIAM CHAMINADE
Bro. John Samaha, S.M.
For the first time in its 200-year history the Marianist Family (Society of Mary, Daughters of Mary Immaculate, and Marianist lay communities) celebrated its founder with public veneration on 22 January, the feast of Bl. William Joseph Chaminade. The Marianist founder was proclaimed worthy of public veneration in recognition of the holiness of his life when Pope John Paul II beatified him on 3 September 2000.
The beatification of Bl. William Joseph Chaminade culminated a process of investigation begun in 1909. Pope Paul VI in 1973 declared him "venerable". The miracle required for beatification was the cure of Elena Otero of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1991. This miracle granted through the intercession of Bl. William Joseph Chaminade was approved in 1998. Elena Otero was present at her intercessor's beatification.
The new beatus was born in Périgueux, France, near Bordeaux on 8 April 1761. He was the 14th of the 15 children of Blaise Chaminade, a cloth merchant, and Catherine Bethon. In 1771 he entered the minor seminary programme at the College of Mussidan. After ordination in 1785 he and two older brothers who were priests assumed the administration and taught at the College of Mussidan.
With the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 his peaceful life turned into the stuff from which the plots of adventure movies are developed. Refusing to swear allegiance to the Civil Constitution, which rejected papal authority and aimed to establish a national church, Chaminade was driven into hiding to avoid exile or the guillotine. Fleeing to the larger city of Bordeaux with a price on his head, he disguised himself as a peddler to continue ministering to the underground Church. Numerous hair-raising experiences and narrow escapes from capture caused him to muse that several times only the thickness of a board shielded him from the guillotine.
As the revolution waned, Chaminade emerged from hiding only to be forced into exile at Zaragoza, Spain, in 1797 for three years. There he worked to support himself and spent many hours in prayer at the great shrine of Our Lady of the Pillar, where he was inspired with a vision for the re-evangelization of France. A special message from Mary helped him conceive of a family of religious and laity that would participate with Mary in her apostolic mission to bring Jesus to others.
While in exile, Chaminade's prayer and discussions about restoring the faith in his homeland convinced him to emphasize the concept of mission: his future collaborators would be a religious family in permanent mission, employing new forms of apostolate.
When Bl. William Joseph returned to Bordeaux in 1800 he opened an oratory and immediately attracted interested faithful, especially youth, to worship services and to educational discussions. Within a year he formed a group of clerics and laity which became the nucleus for his famous and influential apostolic sodality consecrated to Mary Immaculate. From this grew the Daughters of Mary Immaculate founded in 516, followed by the Society of Mary in 1817. These religious congregations were to be the animators of the laity brought into the Marianist Family.
Chaminade was reading the signs of the times and responding with imagination to adapt the Gospel to new needs. New circumstances required new approaches. He was heralding the age of Mary and leading into the age of the laity. This apostolic genius said simply that he was looking for a new fulcrum for the lever that moves the modern world.
As the work of the Marianists developed in the establishment and management of Christian schools and teacher training colleges, and the formation of lay-managed faith communities, the Society of Mary reached out to North America. In 1849 the first Marianists came to Ohio in the USA and laid the foundations for the present University of Dayton the following year.
After a long, arduous and fruitful life that touched many persons and works, Bl. William Joseph Chaminade was taken to his everlasting home with God on 22 January 1850.
His legacy is a rich, apostolic Marian spirituality of living and working in union with Jesus and Mary. Recognized as the 19th century apostle of Mary, he is acknowledged as the most noteworthy Mariologist of the first half of the 19th century. He had the facility of relating doctrine to ministry and mission, and showed the relevance of Mary's role in the life of Christians. As Jesus chose Mary to cooperate with him in the salvation of the human race, Mary asks each Christian to participate in her apostolic mission to bring the grace of redemption to each person. His was an applied, pastoral theology inviting us to live fully our baptismal commitment.
A favourite Gospel dictum was Mary's message to the servants at the marriage feast of Cana, "Do whatever he tells you" (Jn 2:5), because Bl. William Joseph Chaminade firmly believed that we are all missionaries of Mary. He directed his followers to do everything under Mary's guidance.
Weekly Edition in English
7 February 2001, page 8
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