In 1969 Pope Paul VI established the International Theological Commission in connection with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, tasking it to assist the Holy See. and primarily the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, in examining doctrinal questions of major importance. The Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith also serves as President of the Commission. By statute, “the Commission is composed of theologians from diverse schools and nations, noted for their knowledge and faithfulness to the Magisterium of the Church."
Like the Pontifical Biblical Commission, the ITC works through annual plenary assemblies and by means of sub-committees. The results of their studies are presented to the Holy Father, and delivered to the Congregation for its appropriate use.