[D]evelopment cannot be restricted to economic growth alone. To be authentic, it must be well rounded; it must foster the development of each man and of the whole man.(Pope St. Paul VI, Encyclical Populorum progressio)
The Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development was erected by Pope Francis on 17 August 2016 by an Apostolic Letter issued Motu proprio and given the responsibilities of four Vatican entities: the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, the Pontifical Council “Cor Unum”, the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, and the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Health Care Workers.
According to its statutes, the Dicastery expresses the Holy Father's concern for issues of justice and peace, including those related to migration, health, charitable works and the care of creation. It also promotes integral human development in the light of the Gospel and in the tradition of the Church’s social teachings. Finally, it expresses the Holy Father’s care for suffering humanity, including the needy, the sick and the excluded, and pays special attention to the needs and issues of those who are forced to flee their homeland, the stateless, the marginalized, victims of armed conflicts and natural disasters, the imprisoned, the unemployed, victims of contemporary forms of slavery and torture, and others whose dignity is endangered, including refugees and migrants.
Toward these ends it studies the social teaching of the Church and works to make it widely known and implemented, and so that social, economic and political relations are increasingly imbued with the spirit of the Gospel. It likewise collects information and research in the areas of justice and peace, the development of peoples, the promotion and defence of human dignity and human rights, such as rights pertaining to work, including that of minors; the phenomenon of migration and the exploitation of migrants; human trafficking and enslavement; imprisonment, torture and capital punishment; disarmament and arms control as well as armed conflicts and their effects on the civilian population and the natural environment (humanitarian law). It evaluates these data and informs the episcopal agencies of the conclusions drawn, so that they may intervene directly where appropriate. It also works with public and private, governmental and non-governmental, agencies and associations in order to promote study, deepen knowledge, and public awareness on the matters and concerns in its responsibilities.